Weeping Norway Spruce (Picea abies 'Pendula' ): A 12 to 15 foot high and wide upright, narrow tree with weeping habit. Does poorly in shade conditions. The bark of a young tree is thin and thickens into gray-brown flaky scales as the tree matures. The very shallow, spreading root system benefits from a 3 to 4 inch layer of organic mulch to moderate soil temperature and conserve moisture. Growth Rate: Moderate to fast, especially when young. Dwarf Norway Spruce (Picea abies ‘Pumila’ ): This dwarf cultivar grows  3 to 4 feet high and 4 to 5 feet wide. The branches may drupe slightly at the tips, giving … Some years ago I had a customer arrive with a dwarf Alberta spruce … Song birds and fur bearers also frequent these forest types. Often used as a specimen plant in a mixed border. Disease resistant, hardy and an ideal windbreak. Best planted in full sun. Its wood is used for structural lumber, paper production, and specialty products like tonewood for string instruments. Within its native range, Norway spruce remains healthy up to 200 years, and lives up to 300 to 400 … The Morton Arboretum is a 501(c)(3) nonprofit that relies on the generosity of members and donors. Small male flowers are pinkish-red and clustered along the stems. Natural Areas Conservation Training Program, Black walnut toxicity (plants tolerant of), Preventing construction damage to trees and shrubs, Trees and shrubs for the four seasons landscape, Sudden Oak Death, Ramorum Blight and Phytophthora ramorum, Eastern United States Wetlands Collection. Our trees. Develops strong graceful branches that are covered with dark green needles. Fastest growing of the spruces. This sun-loving, 50- to 80-foot-high tree is often used as windbreaks, screens, or hedges in large-scale landscapes. Bird’s Nest Norway spruce (Picea abies ‘Nidiformis’ ): This cultivar is much smaller than the species (3 to 6 feet high and wide). Building the urban forest for 2050. RECOMMENDED HARDINESS ZONES: 3 (-30 to -40 F / -34.4 to -40 C) HORTICULTURAL STATUS: RHS Accepted Genus COLOR: Medium Green GROWTH SHAPE: Broad Upright or Oval GROWTH … Norway Spruce Trees - Photos by Paul Wray, Iowa State University . Cupressina Norway spruce (Picea abies 'Cupressina'):  A narrow cultivar growing 25 to 30 feet high and 6 feet wide; more tolerant of heavy snow loads. – Norway spruce Subordinate Taxa. Picea abies - Norway Spruce is one of the nicest evergreens you can plant. Does poorly in shade conditions. The Arbor Day Foundation is a 501(c)(3) nonprofit conservation and education organization. Use up and down arrow keys to explore within a submenu. Description The Norway Spruce is the fastest growing Spruce tree, with a growth rate of over 2 feet per year. This tree grew in Eurasia, the Black Forest and other parts of the continent long before making its way to Norway … This dwarf cultivar grows  3 to 4 feet high and 4 to 5 feet wide. The Norway Spruce is a fast growing Spruce tree. Features dark green needles that are roughly ½–1" in length and feel square when rolled between your fingers. From top level menus, use escape to exit the menu. The cones produced by this conifer are relatively long at 4 to 6". This tree grows at a medium to fast rate, with height increases of anywhere from 13" to more than 24" per year. Noteworthy Characteristics. Picea abies / Norway spruce. Wetland … Growth Rate: Medium to Fast. use escape to move to top level menu parent. Coming in second with an average growth rate of 30 inches annually, the Norway spruce has an impressive yet manageable height between 40 and 60 feet. This strong evergreen tree is extremely cold hardy and easy to grow. This cultivar is much smaller than the species (3 to 6 feet high and wide). Picea abies, commonly called Norway spruce, is a large pyramidal evergreen conifer that is native to the mountains of northern and central Europe east to the Urals.In its native … Special features: Bird Friendly , Easy Care , Year-round Interest Norway Spruce has stiff dark green needled foliage, with a very densely branched growth habit. Outward spreading branches create a slight depression in the center of this flat-topped plant, giving rise to the name, “bird’s nest.”  Cones are seldom produced. Growth Rate… Norway Spruce has long been prized for forest products for its strong wood and rapid growth rate. Go to list of cultivars. These trees that grow fast grow approximately three feet per year and need room on either side to spread out. (zones 3-7). View Map. They are important as winter cover for deer and small game including grouse, hare and woodcock. You can search, browse, and learn more about the plants in our living collections by visiting our BRAHMS website. Picea abies 'Pendula' - Weeping Norway Spruce - an irregularly-shaped, semi-weeping, specimen treeform plant, ranging from 10' to 15' tall with one or more terminal branches that flare horizontally outward then develop branchlets that weep, often staked during propagation and early growth … Hardiness Zones: 3 - 7. Our future. It is a dwarf, evergreen shrub with stiff, prickly, green to bluish-green, ½ inch needles and a neat, dense, compact shape. Early growth of Norway spruce is slow, increasing to maximal rates from 20 to 60 years of age [ 42, 50 ]. Outward spreading branches create a slight depression in the center of this flat-topped plant, giving rise to the name, “bird’s nest.”  Cones are seldom produced. – spruce Species: Picea abies (L.) Karst. With a branch spread of 25 feet across, landscape designers will often arrange Norway spruces to provide privacy and wind blockage fo… Spider mites and bagworm can also be problems. Other species of spruce—notably the Norway spruce (Picea abies) and Sitka … The Norway spruce grows to a height of 40–60' and a spread of 25–30' at maturity. Old Tjikko, a clone of Norway spruce is believed to be 9, 550 years old, being the oldest living tree in the world. Often used as a specimen plant in a mixed border. Full sun is the ideal condition for this tree, meaning it should get at least six hours of direct, unfiltered sunlight each day. The Norway spruce grows in acidic, loamy, moist, sandy, well-drained and clay soils. This plant has some cultivated varieties. This tree can grow to nearly 60 feet tall. Use left and right arrow keys to navigate between menus and submenus. The Norway Spruce has lustrous dark green needles which are 1/2 to 1" long and maintain their dark green color all winter. ... Growth Rate… GROWTH RATE: Intermediate HxW@10 Years: 5'x3' Sun Exposure: Sun/Part Shade Common Name: Cobra Norway Spruce Latin Name: Picea abies 'Cobra' Hardiness Zone: Zones 4-8 Related Products. Cones are cylindrical, 4 to 6 inches long, purplish-green changing to light brown as they ripen. The Norway Spruce can be expected to grow in the temperature extremes of zones three – seven shown in this arborday.org hardiness zone map. Our communities. Because of its potential size, Norway spruce is often used as a windbreak, screen or large hedge in large-scale landscapes. The norway spruce can be expected to grow in Hardiness Zones 3–7. Bright red female cones are produced at the ends of the branches. Best planted in full sun. However, other species, such as, the popular Colorado blue spruce … Can be planted on a wide variety of sites. Have tree and plant questions? The four-sided needles are  ½  to 1 inch long. (may grow to 75 feet in 50 years). Does poorly in shade conditions. Browse the curated collection and add your voice! Pyramidal shape with branches that droop … During its 500-year life, a Sitka spruce will reach between 160 and 220 feet, with 60-inches-per-year growth rate until it reaches maturity. The Norway spruce hails from Europe. Reader question: I planted several Colorado spruce and Norway spruce a few years ago. Use up and down arrow keys to explore within a submenu. Ideal windbreaker. Explore this online platform for Chicago-area residents to share their favorite stories about trees. This plant has no children Legal Status. The number of the tree’s synonym crosses 150. The branches arch up in a swooping manner and it’s foliage hangs. Norway spruce growth is exceptional. The Norway Spruce Container Grown is the fastest growing of the spruce family and makes a great windbreaker because of its strong branches. The study shows that smaller spacing allowed for denser growth … Nice pyramidal form and dark green needles makes it a favorite. ... 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