These trees that grow fast grow approximately three feet per year and need room on either side to spread out. The Norway Spruce has lustrous dark green needles which are 1/2 to 1" long and maintain their dark green color all winter. Spider mites and bagworm can also be problems. They are important as winter cover for deer and small game including grouse, hare and woodcock. The Norway spruce hails from Europe. Can be planted on a wide variety of sites. It is not a tree for smaller yards.The very shallow, spreading root system benefits from a 3 to 4 inch layer of organic mulch to moderate soil temperature and conserve moisture.Best planted in full sun. View Map. As people emigrated, they often brought trees with them from the Old Country to plant as ornamentals on new homesteads. It has some drought tolerance. This cultivar is much smaller than the species (3 to 6 feet high and wide). Hardiness Zones: 3 - 7. Browse the curated collection and add your voice! Growth Habit: Tree: Native Status: CAN I L48 I: Characteristics ... Picea A. Dietr. The Norway Spruce can be expected to grow in the temperature extremes of zones three – seven shown in this arborday.org hardiness zone map. During its 500-year life, a Sitka spruce will reach between 160 and 220 feet, with 60-inches-per-year growth rate until it reaches maturity. However, other species, such as, the popular Colorado blue spruce … Siberian spruce is known to be … Picea abies - Norway Spruce is one of the nicest evergreens you can plant. This tree grew in Eurasia, the Black Forest and other parts of the continent long before making its way to Norway around 500 B.C. Based on a 1936 report from Harvard, the recommended planting distance of Norway spruce has not changed significantly. Matures at 60'; 25' spread. – Norway spruce Subordinate Taxa. Can begin to look a little unkempt in its old age. The Norway spruce (P. abies) grows from100 to 150 feet tall with a 20-foot spread. Norway Spruce Features. Ideal windbreaker. The Sitka spruce dwarfs its cousins in maximum attainable height and rate of growth. A very popular tree used for reforestation due to fast growth rate… … The very shallow, spreading root system benefits from a 3 to 4 inch layer of organic mulch to moderate soil temperature and conserve moisture. … With a branch spread of 25 feet across, landscape designers will often arrange Norway spruces to provide privacy and wind blockage fo… Cones are cylindrical, 4 to 6 inches long, purplish-green changing to light brown as they ripen. Reader question: I planted several Colorado spruce and Norway spruce a few years ago. Norway Spruce Trees - Photos by Paul Wray, Iowa State University . It is not a tree for smaller yards. Noteworthy Characteristics. Norway spruce is a large, pyramidal tree with long, cylindrical cones that hang like ornaments from the weeping branches against the dark green foliage. The Norway spruce hails from Europe. (may grow to 75 feet in 50 years). Due to its high economic and cultural value, Norway Spruce … The female flowers are reddish-pink and upright on the tips of the branches, Once pollinated, the flowers turn green and hang downward as cones ripen. Some years ago I had a customer arrive with a dwarf Alberta spruce … Norway spruce growth is exceptional. Use up and down arrow keys to explore within a submenu. Our trees. Does poorly in shade conditions. This strong evergreen tree is extremely cold hardy and easy to grow. Does poorly in shade conditions. Bird’s Nest Norway spruce (Picea abies ‘Nidiformis’ ): This cultivar is much smaller than the species (3 to 6 feet high and wide). Dwarf Norway Spruce (Picea abies ‘Pumila’ ): This dwarf cultivar grows  3 to 4 feet high and 4 to 5 feet wide. Norway Spruce has stiff dark green needled foliage, with a very densely branched growth habit. The four-sided needles are  ½  to 1 inch long. The trees grow relatively fast – up to 2 feet (.6 m.) a year – and their crowns develop a pyramid shape. The typical growth rate is about 1-2 inches per year and may attain 6 foot in 20 years from a 3 foot planting. : A 12 to 15 foot high and wide upright, narrow tree with weeping habit. Use left and right arrow keys to navigate between menus and submenus. The following menu has 3 levels. Growth rate: Slow Average landscape size: Slow growing; reaches 3 to 4 ft. tall, 12 to 15 ft. wide, in natural form. ... Growth Rate… A large pyramidal conifer, … The Norway spruce grows in acidic, loamy, moist, sandy, well-drained and clay soils. And since it's a dense tree that easily … The bark of a young tree is thin and thickens into gray-brown flaky scales as the tree matures. Older plantations varied in range from 5-by-5 feet up to 15-by-15 feet square. Old Tjikko, a clone of Norway spruce is believed to be 9, 550 years old, being the oldest living tree in the world. Growth Rate: Medium to Fast. Full sun is the ideal condition for this tree, meaning it should get at least six hours of direct, unfiltered sunlight each day. Go to list of cultivars. This sun-loving, 50- to 80-foot-high tree is often used as windbreaks, screens, or hedges in large-scale landscapes. This plant has some cultivated varieties. Features dark green needles that are roughly ½–1" in length and feel square when rolled between your fingers. Acrocona Norway spruce (Picea abies 'Acrocona'):  This cultivar has a broad-spreading pyramidal form and may top out at 20 feet high. The branches arch up in a swooping manner and it’s foliage hangs. ... Click the button below to add the Picea abies 'Cobra' _ Norway Spruce … The cones produced by this conifer are relatively long at 4 to 6". By Pamela Doan. Outward spreading branches create a slight depression in the center of this flat-topped plant, giving rise to the name, “bird’s nest.”  Cones are seldom produced. The Arbor Day Foundation is a 501(c)(3) nonprofit conservation and education organization. Building the urban forest for 2050. Picea abies, commonly called Norway spruce, is a large pyramidal evergreen conifer that is native to the mountains of northern and central Europe east to the Urals.In its native … Special features: Bird Friendly , Compact Form , Dwarf Plant , Easy Care , Year-round Interest Song birds and fur bearers also frequent these forest types. Growth Rate This tree grows at a medium to fast rate, with height increases of anywhere from 13" to more than 24" per year. Natural Areas Conservation Training Program, Black walnut toxicity (plants tolerant of), Preventing construction damage to trees and shrubs, Trees and shrubs for the four seasons landscape, Sudden Oak Death, Ramorum Blight and Phytophthora ramorum, Eastern United States Wetlands Collection. The Norway spruce grows to a height of 40–60' and a spread of 25–30' at maturity. You can search, browse, and learn more about the plants in our living collections by visiting our BRAHMS website. Norway Spruce trees do take up a lot of room. Description The Norway Spruce is the fastest growing Spruce tree, with a growth rate of over 2 feet per year. The Norway Spruce Container Grown is the fastest growing of the spruce family and makes a great windbreaker because of its strong branches. The needles are smooth and stiff with a pointed tip. It will continue to grow rapidly to a mature height of 50 feet. GROWTH RATE: Intermediate HxW@10 Years: 5'x3' Sun Exposure: Sun/Part Shade Common Name: Cobra Norway Spruce Latin Name: Picea abies 'Cobra' Hardiness Zone: Zones 4-8 Related Products. The Norway Spruce is a fast growing Spruce tree. Norway Spruce has long been prized for forest products for its strong wood and rapid growth rate. The study shows that smaller spacing allowed for denser growth … Wetland … The branches may drupe slightly at the tips, giving … And while this species does grow in Norway, the name is a bit of a misnomer. Its wood is used for structural lumber, paper production, and specialty products like tonewood for string instruments. Growth rate: Slow Average landscape size: Slow growing; reaches 3 to 4 ft. tall, 3 to 6 ft. wide. This plant has no children Legal Status. Mature Shape: Pyramidal with branches that … Best planted in full sun. RECOMMENDED HARDINESS ZONES: 3 (-30 to -40 F / -34.4 to -40 C) HORTICULTURAL STATUS: RHS Accepted Genus COLOR: Medium Green GROWTH SHAPE: Broad Upright or Oval GROWTH … Norway Spruce is extremely adaptable and very cold hardy. Picea abies 'Pendula' - Weeping Norway Spruce - an irregularly-shaped, semi-weeping, specimen treeform plant, ranging from 10' to 15' tall with one or more terminal branches that flare horizontally outward then develop branchlets that weep, often staked during propagation and early growth … For starters, the Norway Spruce Tree can grow to a large height in as little as three years. A million members, donors, and partners support our programs to make our world greener and healthier. From top level menus, use escape to exit the menu. Use up and down arrow keys to explore within a submenu. (zones 3-7). Explore this online platform for Chicago-area residents to share their favorite stories about trees. This form is more rounded than that of Bird’s Nest Spruce. And while this species does grow in Norway, the name is a bit of a misnomer. Often used as a specimen plant in a mixed border. A great evergreen tree for use in landscapes, and as windbreaks. Have tree and plant questions? Our communities. Because of its potential size, Norway spruce is often used as a windbreak, screen or large hedge in large-scale landscapes. Norway spruce trees support a wide variety of wildlife. The Norway is a best seller because of its look, growth rate, wind resistance and tolerance of harsh conditions. Generally, most spruce trees have a slow growth habit and average between 6” and 11” (15 – 29 cm) per year. The norway spruce can be expected to grow in Hardiness Zones 3–7. Within a submenu, use escape to move to top level menu parent. use escape to move to top level menu parent. Norway spruce also makes a good roosting tree for hawks and owls. Fastest growing of the spruces. It is a dwarf, evergreen shrub with stiff, prickly, green to bluish-green, ½ inch needles and a neat, dense, compact shape. Bright red female cones are produced at the ends of the branches. Does poorly in shade conditions. Growth Rate… Stop by, email, or call. Growth Rate: Moderate to fast, especially when young. Use left and right arrow keys to navigate between menus and submenus. This dwarf cultivar grows  3 to 4 feet high and 4 to 5 feet wide. Small male flowers are pinkish-red and clustered along the stems. Picea abies / Norway spruce. Use enter to activate. Growth Rate This tree grows at a medium to fast rate, with height increases of anywhere from 13" to more than 24" per year. Readily available at most local nurseries in the typical range of the Norway spruce. Yields light brown, stiffly scaled, 4–6" cones that sit upright on the branch until fertilized. This tree grew in Eurasia, the Black Forest and other parts of the continent long before making its way to Norway … Develops strong graceful branches that are covered with dark green needles. Pyramidal shape with branches that droop … Page 4 of 4 Environmental stress Norway spruce (Picea abies), and its cultivars grow well in theSaint Louis area if planted and maintained properly. Best planted in full sun. Early growth of Norway spruce is slow, increasing to maximal rates from 20 to 60 years of age [ 42, 50 ]. The Norway spruce grows to a height of 40–60' and a spread of 25–30' at maturity. Weeping Norway Spruce (Picea abies 'Pendula' ): A 12 to 15 foot high and wide upright, narrow tree with weeping habit. Our future. It is a dwarf, evergreen shrub with stiff, prickly, green to bluish-green, ½ inch needles and a neat, dense, compact shape. This tree grows at a medium to fast rate, with height increases of anywhere from 13" to more than 24" per year. Susceptible to cytospora canker and Rhizosphaera needle cast.Spider mites and bagworm can also be problems. The Morton Arboretum is a 501(c)(3) nonprofit that relies on the generosity of members and donors. Because of its potential size, Norway spruce is often used as a windbreak, screen or large hedge in large-scale landscapes. The number of the tree’s synonym crosses 150. 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